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Voy a publicar en este blog mis apuntes de 1º de Intermedio de Inglés de la Escuela Oficial de Idiomas conforme los vaya pasando a limpio, otros años los pasaba a Word y los guardaba en pdf, pero me resulta más cómodo teclearlos directamente  en el blog. Si alguien tiene algo que objetar, ¡qué lo comente! y lo discutimos.

Comenzamos con las fichas y notas que nos dio la profe, antes de comenzar a seguir el libro (el English File third edition Intermediate):

Unit Introduction -1º Intermediate

Introduction

Test yourself: basic points

Here are some of the basic grammar points from How English Works. Do you know them all?

Choose the correct answer(s). One o more answers may be correct.

1.- She’s…university teacher.

A a          B an          C the          D one

2.- I like…small animals.

A the          B — (=nothing)          C every          D all

3.- Is this coat…?

A yours          B your          C the yours

4.- Is Diana…?

A a friend of yours          B a your friend          C your friend

5.- Who are…people over there?

A that          B the          C these          D those

6.- …is your phone number?

A that          B the          C these          D those

7.- Could I have…drink?

A other          B an other          C another

8.- There aren’t…for everybody.

A chairs enough          B enough chairs          C enough of chairs

9.- They’re… yount to get married.

A too much          B too          C very too

10.- Most…like travelling.

A of people          B of the people          C people

11.- Ann and Peter phone…every day.

A them          B themself          C themselves          D each other

12.- It’s…weather.

A terrible          B a terrible          C the terrible

13.- The plural of cars is cars. Which of these are correct plurals?

A journeys          B ladys          C minuts          D sandwichs          E babies

14.- Which of these is/are correct?

A happier          B more happier          C unhappier          D beautifuller

15.- This is… winter for 20 years.

A the more bad          B worse         C the worse          D worst          E the worst

16.- She’s much taller…me.

A than          B as          C that

17.- He lives in the same street…me.

A that         B like          C as          D than

18.- Her eyes…a very light blue.

A are          B have          C has

19.- … help me?

A Can you to          B Do you can          C Can you

20.- You…worry about it.

A not must          B don’t must          C must not          D mustn’t

21.- It…agin. It…all the time here in the winter.

A ‘s raining, ‘s raining          B rains, rains          C rains, ‘s raining          D ‘s raining, rains

22.- I…she…you.

A think, likes          B am thinking, is liking          C think, is liking          D am thinking, likes

23.- Who…t’he window?

A open          B opened          C did opened

24.- Why…?

A those men are laughing          B are laughing those men          C are those men laughing

25.- What…?

A does she want          B does she wants          C she wants

26.- I didn’t…he was at home.

A to think          B think          C thinking          D thought

27.- … a hole in my sock.

A There’s          B There is          C It’s          D It is          E Is

28.- I’ll see you… Tuesday afternoon.

A at          B on          C–

29.- What time did you arrive…the station?

A at          B to          C–

30 We’re going…the opera tomorrow night.

A at          B–          C in          D to

Key

1.- A

2.- B, D

3.- A

4.- A, C

5.- B, D

6.- B

7.- C

8.- B

9.- B

10.- C

11.- D

12.- A

13.- A, E

14.- A, C

15.- E

16.- A

17.- C

18.- A

19.- C

20.- C, D

21.- D

22.- A

23.- B

24.- C

25.- A

26.- B

27.- A, B

28.- B

29.- A

30.- D

Entry Test

Entry Test & key (del libro New English File Intermediate)

How much or How many?

  • How much…?: with uncountable nouns

Ej.: money, sugar, milk,… (generalmente en singular)

  • How many…?:  with countable nouns

Ej.: brothers, years, cars (sustantivos que tienen plural)

A / an / the

A University

/ju:/

A yellow car

An honest person (la “h” de honest no se pronuncia)

Nunca “the” precede a un sustantivo, si éste es plural o incontable:

animals

I like the   beer

music

Tampoco los pronombres posesivos: This is the mine, yours, hers, theirs,…

In/on/at

In 2015

In October

In (the -opcional-) summer  / in (the) spring

In the morning

In the afternoon

in the evening

On (the) 13th Oct.

On Tuesday evening (prevalece la preposición del día)

On Christmas day / on New Year’s Eve (un día concreto es con on)

At night

At the weekend / at Christmas / at Easter (para un periodo va con at)

At 7:30, at luch time (para horas at)

This, these, that, those

This car, These people (near)

That book, Those cars (far)

Another/other

Another drink: uso para singular

Other drinks: uso para plural

Too + adjective / too much / too many

Too + adjective: demasiado (expresa cualidad)

Si le sigue much o many expresa cantidad:

Too much food (uncountable): Demasiada comida

Too many people (countable): Demasiada gente

Comparatives / superlatives

Good – better than – the best

Bad – worse than – the worst

Far – farther than/futher than – the farthest/the furthest

Plurals

Cat – cats

Bus – busses

Whatch – whatches

Dish – dishes

Box – bosses

Potato – potatoes

Tomato – tomatoes

Knife – knives

Wife – wives

Family – families (consonant + y: ies)

Holiday – holidays (vowel + y: ys)

QUESTION WORDS

What is the question word(s) for these answers? Example: very well → How…?

1.- Two pounds / 100 euros / ten dollars

2.- In my office / at school / in London

3.- Two brothers and a sister / fourteen / about two hundred

4.- Blue / yellow /green

5.- Twice a week / three times a year / every day

6.- The big one / the one with glasses

7.- 20 years old / three months old

8.- To buy some sugar / because I needed sugar

9.- My mother / the doctor / your cousin

10.- One hundred kilometres an hour

11.- Small / medium / large

12.- Quarter past seven / twelve o’clock / ten thirty

13.- It is Anna’s / It is hers

14.- Last week / three years ago / in 1998

15.- Pop (music) / comedies / biographies / news programmes

16.- Two months / five weeks / almost a year

17.- Because I like it

Key

1.- How much…?

2.- Where…?

3.- How many…?

4.- What colour…?

5.- How often…?

6.- Which one…?

7.- How old…? /haʊ əʊld/

8.- Why…?

9.- Who…?

10.- How fast…?

11.- What size…?

12.- What time…?

13.- Whose…?

14.- When…?

15.- What kind of…?

16.- How long…?

17.- Why…?

Questions

*Which one…?: ¿Cuál…?

*What time is it? = What’s the time?

*Who…?: a veces esta partícula sirve de sujeto de la oración:

Who opened the window?: no hay patícula “did” porque la persona que sería el sujeto de la frase es lo que yo desconozco

Who did you see at the party?: aquí es you el sujeto, entonces se hace la construcción normal interrogativa

*Whose…?: ¿De quién…? (Whose is this?; Whose is it?)

*What tipe/kind of…?

How long…?: ¿Cuánto tiempo…? (How long does it last?: ¿Cuánto tiempo dura?)

*Put the words in the right order to make questions

1.- name / your / is /what?

Andrea

2.- how / you / are / today?

Fine, thank you

3.- from / you / where / are?

From Ireland

4.- live /you / where / do?

In Dublin

5.- in / a / you / do / flat / live / or / house /a?

In a flat

6.- parents / where / from / are / your?

They’re from the UK

7.- do / do / free / what / time / your / in / you?

I read a lot and play volleyball

8.- study / English / do / why / you?

Because I like travelling and English helps

9.- watching / of / do / what / kind / you / films /like?

I love science ficion films

10 breakfast / have / did /what / you / for / today?

Milk and cereal

11.- holiday / last / you / did / on / go / summer / where?

To the seaside

12.- last / you / television / did / watch /night?

Yes, I watched the news and a film

Key

1.- What is your name?

2.- How are you today?

3.- Where are you from?

4.- Where do you live?

5.- Do you live in a flat or (a *no hace falta repetirlo, opcional) house

6.- Where are your parents from?

7.- What do you do in your free time?

8.- Why do you study English?

9.- What kind of films do you like watching?

10.- What did you have for breakfast today? (I had biscuits/toats/coffee for breakfast)

11.- Where did you go on holiday last summer?

12.- Did you watch TV last night?

Names

Script of audio (pongo únicamente el texto o script de un audio, prueba de listening, porque éste no lo encuentro por ninguna parte).

My first name’s Susan, but the only person who calls me Susan is my dad. Oh, and my sister when she’s angry with me, but fortunately that doesn’t happen very often now. Most of my friends call me Sue, and so do the people I work with. My old friends call me Maggsie, because my surname is Maggs, and I was always called Maggsie at school. I hated it. Of course, there’s only one person who calls me Mum, and that’s my son, but when he’s with his friends he calls me Sue. My mum calls me Sweetheart, and my best friend calls me Suzanne because she’s French. My Japanese sister-in-law calls me Suki – apparently, Suki means ‘loved one’ in Japanese, so that’s really nice. My husband calls me Bunny, but that’s another story …

Vocabulary: family words

Parents: father & mother

Children: son & doughter

Grandparents: grandfather & grandmother

Uncles & aunts ( /a:nts/)

Nephews & nieces

Brothers & sisters (: sibling(s): hermanos, no importa el género)

Husband & wife

Boyfriend & girlfriend (also patner, que a su vez, puede significar socio, compañero, novio)

Cousin (/’kʌzn/): primo/a

Grandchildren: nietos

Grandson/granddaughter: nieto/a

Sister-in-law

Father-in-law

Son-in-law

Step-sister

Ex-husband / ex-wife

Relatives: familiares

What’s his/her name?

Her name is… = She’s called…

Everybody calls her… (Con esta expresión se conjuga el verbo en 3ª persona singular)

Most people call her… (Aquí ya es 3ª persona del plural)

He was named after his father: Se llama como su padre (literalmente: “Lo llamaron como a su padre”)

COMMON EXPRESSIONS

Match a line on the left with the correct line on the right.

1.- Excuse me, a) We are late.
2.- Pardon? b)  Not really, it depends (on…)
3.- See you later!  c) You’re welcome.
4.- Here you are.  d) I don’t know / I’ve no idea
5.- This is my friend Helen.  e) No, thanks. That’s it / That’s all.
6.- How are you?  f) Bye-bye!
7.- What does accountant mean?  g) Pleased/Nice to meet you, Helen.
 8.- Thanks a lot.  h) Thank you very much.
 9.- Sorry I’m late.  i) can you tell me the time, please?
 10 Hurry up!  j) Don’t worry. I know the traffic is bad today.
 11.- Anything else?  k) I’m fine thanks, and you?
 12.- Why don’t you phone him?  l) That’s a good idea.
 13.- Do you go out a lot?  m) I said, where are you from?

Key

1.- i)

2.- m)

3.- f)

4.- h)

5.- g)

6.- k)

7.- d)

8.- c)

9.- j)

10.- a)

11.- e)

12.- l)

13.- b)

1.- Is it ok? a) Sure / Yes, I am.
2.- I have four dogs at home. b)  I think so / I don’t think so.
3.- Be quiet…  c) Thanks. You too.
4.- (Are you) ready?  d) Of course. Here you are.
5.- You are Irish, aren’t you?  e)and sit down, please.
6.- Have a good weekend!  f) I can’t remember.
7.- Can I help you?  g) We went swimming.
 8.- I have an exam tomorrow.  h) I doesn’t matter / Never mind
 9.- I don’t know the answer.  i) Yes, please Can I have an orange juice?
 10 What did you eat?  j) Yes, that’s right.
 11.- Is Harry at home?  k) Really? You must love dogs.
 12.- Can I have a bag, please?  l) Yes, that’s od/fine/great, thanks.
 13.- What else did you do?  m) Good luck!

Key

1.- l)

2.- k)

3.- e)

4.- a)

5.- j)

6.- c)

7.- i)

8.- m)

9.- h)

10.- f)

11.- b)

12.- d)

13.- g)

MISTAKES

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1.- Last summer I have done a lot of things.

2.- Last summer I went with my family to the seaside.

3.- We went there during 9 days.

4.- I like spend time with children because…

5.- I did many things as to meet my friends and to do exercise.

6.- There was too many people and I didn’t like it

7.- The festival was great. We enjoyed a lot!

8.- My holiday was quite bored.

9.- In July I practised a lot of sport.

10.- My family and me travelled to several cities.

Key

1.- Last summer I did a lot of things.

2.- Last summer I went to the seaside with my family.

3.- We went there for 9 days. (During the summer: during es para expresar en algún momento de un periodo largo, si concretamos el tiempo, no tiene sentido)

4.- I like spending (to spend in USA) time with children because…

5.- I did many things like (=such as) meeting my friends and doing exercise.

6.- There were too people and I didn’t like it.

7.- The festival was great. We enjoyed it a lot!

8.- My holiday was quite boring.

9.- In July I did a lot of sport. (No se dice practise sport)

10.- My family and I travelled to several cities. (Es “I” y no “me”, porque es sujeto)

Vocabulary and expressions

Mood: estado de ánimo

Colour /’kʌlə/

Be ⌈

⇔ on a diet

Go⌊

 

To buy (infinitive of porpose, expresa finalidad): para comprar. No existe “for to buy“, no se emplea para este uso “for buying” (esta expresión existe, pero no para expresar finalidad).

First name + surname = Full name (nombre completo)

A nikname: apodo

A diminutive: diminutivo

A middle name: 2º nombre

I don’t know why: No sé porqué

When I was a child

Go/come/drive to a place

Arrive at → a sitios pequeños (arrive a school, the hospital, the party)

Arrive in → cities, countries (sitios grandes, abiertos)

A is the same as/similar to (or different from) B