UNIT 5.A – SPORTING SUPERSTITIONS
Do or play sport, never
Take or do exercise, never
DO: pilates, yoga, karate, athletics, tai-kondo, tai-chi, rhytmic gymnastic,…
GO: swimming, skating, running, cicling, skiing, hiking/trekking, climbing, windsurfing, canoeing, rafting,…
PLAY: football, paddle, tennis, badmington, baskeball, golf, hadball, hockey, rugby, baseball, chess, volleyball, table tennis,…
1.- Play + sport : for sports with team sport and with ball: Football, baseball, tennis, table tennis, hockey, cricket, basketball, handball,… Excepción: play chess (jugar al ajedrez)
2.- Go + sport: with sports ending in –ing: Sailing, skiing, skating (patinaje), ice-skating (patinaje sobre hielo), fishing (pesca), hanting (caza), swiming, climbing (la “b” es muda), trekking, hiking (excursionismo), snowboarding, horse-riding,… Excepción: Do boxing (not
3.- Do + sport: for things a gym (cosas que se hacen en un gimnasio), athletics and martial arts (and boxing): Gymnasstics, aerobics, pilates, weight-lifting (levantamiento de pesas), fencing (esgrima), karate, judo,…
Do you like to go swimming the weekend? (Queda raro “Do you like swimming the weekend?)
GRAMMAR: PAST TENSES
1.- Past Simple
2.- Past continuous: be in the past + verb+-ing
When we were driving on the motorway it started to show
3.- Past perfect: had (not) + past participle
When I switched on the TV the match had already started
WRITING: MY FAVOURITE SPORT
An online sports magazine has asked its readers to send contributions encouraging people to take up a new sport. Write about your favourite sport organising the content in 3 parts:
Introduction (1 paragraph). Explain briefly what your favourite sport is, when and hoften you do it, who with and why you like it.
Main body (1 or 2 paragraphs). Describe the main characteristics, for example, explain if it is an indvidual or team sport, demanding or easy to play, what you need to do it (equipment), why it is fun, the benefits for your health and fitness, etc. Include any disadvantages it might have.
Conclusion (final paragraph). Explain why you recommend this sport and who to (old/young people, very active people, people who need to relax, etc). Include encouraging senteces (e.g.: You’ll love it! Go for it! You won’t regret it!).
Write 20-25 lines
I am not fond of sports, but there is one taht I like taking, especially in spring and in autumn. This is the hiking, sport that I can do every or almost every weekend with my partner and our dogs.
You really only need comfortable clothes and sport shoes or sport footwear to follow this discipline (It is the cheaperst sport in the world!). Hiking is a great way to get out and you can do it in your free time with a minimal efort. It is true that there are a lot of hard hiking trails, but it can also be a fun walk around your local park or neghborhood for a few hours on a Saturday or Sunday morning. You don’t require anyone to accompany you but it is much nicer if you go in a group (and safer in long distances). I can’t think of any disadvantages to this sport!: the human body is designed to walk, it’s the healthiest of sports, without any risks except what prudence dictates.
Hiking isn’t a competitive sport, its objective is to enjoy yourself and be in contact with nature. I recommend it for all ages. When you reach the end of a route, you have spent some wonderful hours seeing landscapes, driking in streams, wetting your feet in rivers, … You’ll feel very well and with a fresh mind. Go for it!.
Vocabulary and expresions
Be god/bad at sth/doing sth
To work out: “trabajar” en el gimnasio
For a while: por un tiempo
Fans ≅ followers ≅ supporters (to support a team)
On/off the court/pitch
To dive: saltar (al agua)
Diving: saltos acrobáticos
Ski resorts (like Formigal, Candanchú,…)
Beat: batir (ganar a otra persona o equipo)
A draw: un empate
draw /ɔː/ – drew/u:/ -drawn/ɔːn/ (similar a la pronunciación de graw – grew – grawn)
Nil → ej.: en un partido 3-0, nil es el 0
2-2: two all
15-0: fifteen-love in tennis
Plate number: matrícula
Even number: número par
Odd number: número impar
Board games: juegos de mesa
A dice: dado
A counter: ficha
A coin heads (cara) ≠ A coin tails (cruz)
Cut down: reducir
Birth rate = the number of people born every year
What do you usually have for lunch on the weekend?
What do you usually have for lunch during the week?
To score: marcar (goles)
The score: el resultado
An injury: una herida
Get injured: lesionarse
To cheat: hacer trampa
A camping site
The home team ≠ the visiting team
UNIT 5.B: LOVE AT EXIT 19
(Nota: como no aparece la transcripción del audio de este ejercicio de la página 49 del libro English File, aprovecho para dejar aquí tanto el audio como su transcripción o script.)
Listen to four people talking about where they met their partner. March each one with a place:
A.- At work
B.- At school or university
C.- On the internet (e.g. on forums, on social networking sites, etc.)
D.- In a bar, club, etc.
E.- Through friends
1 We met when I was studying at Oxford. I was acting in a French play by Jean Anouilh called Antigone. I was actually studying French – the language and literature, and I was in a college drama group, and they gave me a small part in the play. I think they gave it to me because my French was good, but not because I was especially good at acting. Anyway Antoine, my husband, he is French and he had always like acting although he was actually studying politics, well he had the part of King Créon, one of the important roles. There was this scene where we were acting together, and I suppose it all started there…
2 I had a job in Krakow in Poland teaching English. Melissa was one of the other teachers at the school. As soon as I saw her, I knew I wanted to get to know her better, but she didn’t seem very interested. One night I went to a bar where I often used to go with students, and she was there with some friends. She was very upset because she thought she’d lost her purse, and she had quite a lot of money in it. Suddenly I saw the purse under a chair in the corner, and I think that was the first time Melissa really noticed me. She bought me a drink, and as they say, the rest is history. I had intended to try to learn Polish when I was there, but I didn’t learn much because I spent all my time with Melissa. But we called our first daughter Kasia, which is a Polish name, in honour of the country where we met.
3 Pete and I were both single and we used to go to bars and clubs together on Saturday night, but then he started going out with a girl who he had met at work. After a few weeks he said to me ‘Why don’t you come out with us on Saturday? My girlfriend is going to bring one of her friends’. To be honest I wasn’t all that enthusiastic about the idea – I’d never been on a ‘blind date’ before, and I just couldn’t imagine it would be a success. On the evening of the date I was feeling very pessimistic and I nearly cancelled. Pete and I had arranged to meet the girls in a bar. We got to the bar early and I remember my friend saying, ‘Here they are now’. I looked towards the door and I thought ‘Well, I really hope the girl on the right is my date’. Fortunately she was. The evening went really well, and two years later we got married. Pete and his girlfriend got married too and we’re still good friends – we usually meet for dinner about once a month.
4 I was born in Egypt to an Italian father and French mother, but we came to live in London in the early 60s when I was 20. I got a job in a bank, but I didn’t have many friends. In those days it used to be quite difficult to meet people if you were a foreigner. One evening I went to a dance at a restaurant and I saw this gorgeous 18-year-old girl get up from her table and start dancing. I thought I had nothing to lose, and I wrote her a note saying that I was standing by the window and if she would agree to come out with me, could she please smile at me. I then left the note on her chair. When the music stopped she went back to her chair, read the note, and smiled at me. That was how it all started. When we decided to get married at first her mother was totally against the idea – mainly because I was a foreigner and also I was 11 years older than Lesley. But little by little she got to like me, and in the end she treated me like a son.
GRAMMAR: USED TO
It used to be quite difficult to meet people (Solía ser bastante difícil conocer gente) ≅
We always/usually/often went to bars togethers on Saturday nights (A menudo íbamos juntos a los bares los sábados por la noche)
I didn’t use to have short hair
I never used to have short hair
Did you use to do a lot of sport?
Yes I did
No I didn’t ≅ No, I never did
- For present habits
It’s not possible:
I use to walk to work: (only in the past) ⇒
I always/usually/often walk to work
To meet somebody (conocer a alguien por primera vez). I met my best friend at school
To know somebody (conocer a alguien por más tiempo). We’ve known each other for 10 years/since 2016 (know: cuando no es disperso o interrumpido “el conocimiento del otro”).
A colleague = a person that you work with
A friend = a person you know well and like, and who is not usually a member of your family
To argue with sb = to speak angrily to sb because you disagree with them
To discuss sth with sb = to talk about sth with sb, especially in order to decide sth
Make friends: hacer amigos
The mos usual/popular way to meet
To socialise: socializar
Don’t get me wrong: No me malinterpretéis
I’m fairly healthy: Estoy bastante saludable
Play a role/part in a play/film: Representar un papel en una obra de teatro/película
Act in a (theatra) play/film
Scene /si:n/ (la “c” es muda)
Get to know sb (better): conocerse mejor
To notice sb/sth: fijarse en alguien/algo
To realize sth: darse cuenta de algo (no de una persona)
A (blind) date: Una cita (a ciegas)
To date sb = go out with sb (salir con alguien)
Date: la cita, pero también la persona con la que uno se cita
Gorgeous /gɔːdʒəs/ muy atractivo/a
To settle down: asentarse (sentar la cabeza)
A bit wild: un poco salvaje (asalvajado)
Not at all: para nada
To argue ≅ fight
To have an argument/a fight with sb
I’ve known X for 20 years/since 1996/we were at school
To trust sb/sth: confiar en alguien/algo
Get/be/keep in touch: estar/mantenerse en contacto
Lose tuch: perder el contacto
Get/be engaged (to sb) Comprometerse (con alguien)
Break/split up (with sb): romper con alguien
Get to know sb (better): conocer a alguien
Have a lot/little/nothing in common
Fall/be in love (with sb)
Social Networking sites/Networks. What do you use them for?
To keep in touch with… or To post sth on Facebook
|ASKING||GIVING permission||REFUSING permission|
|1.- Can I…(do sth)?
2.- Is it ok if… (I do sth)?
|(Yes,) of course
No problem / Sure
|I’m afraid not / I’m sorry but…|
|3.- Do you mind if… (I do sth)?||Of course not / Not at all / No problem||I’m sorry but…|
|ASKING||AGREEING to the request||REFUSING politely|
|1.- Can you… (do sth)?
2.- Could you… (do sth)?
3.- Do you think you could… (do sth)?
|(Yes,) of course
No problem / Sure
|I’m sorry. I’m afraid I can’t
I’m sorry but I’m really busy tomorrow
I’d love to but I have to…
|4.- Would you mind… (doing sth)?||Of course not / Not at all|
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