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UNIT 2.A – SPEND OR SAVE?

LISTEN TO A SONG ABOUT MONEY AND COMPLETE THE BLANKS WITH ONE WORD.

These are some of the missing words:

afford     blow     broke     credit card     earn     greedy     loan     mall     mortgage     spend

“Ka-Ching” by Shania Twain

We live in a (1)______________ little world

that teaches every little boy and girl

To (2)________________as much as they can possibly

then turn around and spend it foolishly

We’ve created us a (3)____________________ mess

We (4)____________ the money that we don’t possess

Our religion is to go and (5)________________ it all

So it’s shopping every Sunday at the (6)_________________

 

All we ever want is more

A lot more than we had before

So take me to the nearest store

 

[Chorus:]

Can you hear it ring?

It makes you want to (7)__________

It’s such a beautiful thing – Ka-ching!

Lots of (8)___________________ rings

The happiness it brings

You’ll live like a (9)______________

With lots of (10)___________ and things

When you’re (11)_______________ go and get a (12)____________

-take out another (13)___________________ on your home

Consolidate so you can (14)__________________

To go and spend some more when

you get (15)_____________________

 

All we ever want is more

A lot more than we had before

So take me to the nearest store

 

[Repeat Chorus]

 

Let’s swing

Dig deeper in your (16)___________

Oh, yeah, ha

Come on I know you’ve got it

Dig deeper in your (17)_____________

Oh

 

All we ever want is more

A lot more than we had before

So take meto the nearest store

 

[Repeat Chorus]

 

Ka-ching!

Key

1.- greedy

2.- earn

3.- credit card

4.- spend

5.- blow

6.- mall

7.- sing

8.- diamand

9.- king

10.- money

11.- broke

12.- learn

13.- mortgage

14.- afford

15.- bored

16.- packet

17.- wallet

Find the words for the definitions bellow:

1.- To give or pay mone for sth

2.- Money that a person or a bank lends you

3.- To have enough oney to buy sth

4.- A shopping centre (US)

5.- Having no money (informal)

6.- A small plastic card you use to buy things

7.- To get money by working

8.- Wanting more money, etc. that you don’t really need

9.- To spend a lot of money on sth (informal)

10.- The money a bank lends you to buy a house

Key

1.- Spend

2.- Loan

3.- Afford

4.- Mall

5.- Broke

6.- Credit card

7.- Earn

8.- Greedy

9.- Blow

10.- Mortgage

 

Read the lyrics again. What do you think the song is saying?

a) Money always makes people happy.

b) The world has become obsessed with money.

c) The singer would like to have more money.

Key

The world has become obsessed with money

 

EXERCISES

exercise

Key

1.- sold… bought

2.- lost… cost… found

3.- paid

4.- gave… spent

5.- won

6.- wasted

 

What can you say in these situations? Complete the sentences but do not use the underlined words and phrases.
Example: You want to tell a friend that a restaurant wasn’t cheap.
The restaurant was quite expensive.

  1. You want to know the value of your friend’s gold ring.
    How much is ……………?
  2. A friend wants to go to an expensive restaurant but you don’t have enough money.
    I’m afraid I…………. /
  3. You want to borrow some money from a friend. Could you …………. ?
  4. You want to know how much a friend paid for her dictionary.
    How much ………….. ?

Key

1.- How much is your gold ring worth?

2.- I’m afraid I can’t afford it.

3.- Could you lend me some money?

4.- How much did you spend on your dictionary? / How much was it? / How much dic it cost?

 

Speaking

Write down the approximate price of six things in your contry, e.g. a daily newspaper, a shor bus journey, a cup of coffee in a bar/cafe, a ticket for the cinema, a takeaway hamburger, a pair of jeans, etc. Do you think the price is expensive, reasonable, cheap? Compare your answers with someone from the same town, and if possible, someone from a different country.

 

Complete these dialogues:

1 A: Do you know, I’ve ……………………over £200 this week on food.

B: That’s a lot. Have you got a big family?

2 A: Oh no, I’ve left my money at home. Could you……………… me £5? I promise I’ll……………. you back tomorrow.

B: No, I can’t. I had to some money myself from my sister.

3 A: Was the holiday expensive?

B: No, not really. We……………………………. £50 a night for the hotel, and the flight…………………..   us about £1 50.

4 A: Are you going away again this year?

B: No, 1 can’t ………………………………………..another holiday, I’m afraid.

5 A: You’re very careful with your money these days.

B: Yes, I’m………………………………… up for a new mountain bike.

6 A: Do you know how much those earrings are……………………………. ?

B: Yes, I had them valued at £300.

7 A: Was it expensive to get your watch repaired?

B: Yes, they…………………………………………. me £80 to repair the watch and £20 for a new strap.

8 A: I wouldn’t……………………………………….. Paul any money. He…………………………. £50 from mc last month. He said he would give it back, but he hasn’t returned any of it.

Key

1.- spent

2.- lend; pay, borrow

3.- paid; cost

4.- afford

5.- saving

6.- worth

7.- charged

8.- lend/give-, borrowed

 

SOUNDS

Consonants

consonants

Voiceless Consonants: Consonantes sordas (No intervienen las cuerdas vocales, el sonido se hace “echando aire”).

 

Voiced Cosonants: Consonantes sonoras (Las cuerdas vocales vibran cuando las pronunciamos. Todas las vocales son sonoras).

VOICELESS VOICED
/p/ /b/
/t/ /d/
/k/ /g/
/f/ /v/
/s/ /z/
/h/ /l/ /r/
/m/ /w/
/n/

 

PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST SIMPLE

PAST SIMPLE

Rules

1.- Help – helped

Work – worked

2.- Ending vowel+y

Enjoy – enjoyed

Stay – stayed

3.- Ending consonant+y

Study – studied

Try – tried

4.- Dance – danced

Serve – served

5.- Double the consonant: ending in consonant+vowel+consonant (CVC) & stress syllable

Stop – stopped

Prefer – preferred

Visit: la sílaba furte es “vi”, por lo que no dobla la t – visited

 

Pronunciation of Regular Verbs

Here are the rules for the pronunciation of the -ed endings:

  • If the verb ends in the sound /t/ or /d/, we pronounce the -ed ending /ɪd/. Example invited /ɪn’vaɪtɪd/.
  • If the verb ends in a voiced consonant sound apart from /d/ (/b/, /g/, /v/, /z/, /ð/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/) or a vowel, we pronunce the -ed ending /d/. Example called /kɔːld/.
  • If the verb ends in a voiceless consonant sound apart from /t/ (/p/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /θ/, /ʃ/ or /tʃ/), we pronounce the -ed ending /t/. Example stopped /stɒpt/.

Es importante retener que los verbos que acaban en /t/ o /d/ (o en los sonidos /t/ o /d/, como puede ser el caso de waste), acaban su pronunciación en /ɪd/.

En los otros casos, no se debe pronunciar ninguna vocal al final y, en realidad no tiene mucha (en este nivel) importancia si pronunciamos /t/ o /d/, pues son sonidos muy parecidos, la diferencia es apenas imperceptible, aunque sí podemos ir acostumbrándonos a que si el verbo acaba, al pronunciarlo, con un sonido vocálico, debemos pronunciar /d/.

Acompaño imagen de ficha que nos repartieron en clase (se sigue con un listening que no he encontrado por la red, sorry 🙁 )

e2

 

Pronunciation of Irregular Verbs

a) Complete the table with the simple past and past participle form of these verbs:

e1

Key

INFINITIVE /aɪ/ SIMPLE PAST /əʊ/ PAST PARTICIPLE /…ɪ…ən/
1. Write Wrote Written
2.- Drive Drove Driven
3.- Ride Rode Ridden
INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST /əʊ/ PAST PARTICIPLE /…əʊ…/ən/
4. Speak /i:/ Spouk Spouken
5. Steal /i:/ Stole Stolen
6. Break /eɪ/ Broke Broken
7. Wake /eɪ/ Woke Woken
8. Choose /u:/ Chose Chosen

 

INFINITIVE  /əʊ/ SIMPLE PAST /u:/ PAST PARTICIPLE /əʊn/
9. Know Knew (/nju:/) Known
10. Throw Threw Thrown
11. Grow Grew Grown
12. Fly /aɪ/ Flew Flown

 

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST /…ɔːt/ PAST PARTICIPLE /…ɔːt/
13. Teach /i:/ Taught Taught
14. Catch /æ/ Caught Caught
15. Fight /aɪ/ Fought Fought
16. Buy /aɪ/ Bought Bought
17. Bring /ɪ/ Brought Brought
18. Think /ɪ/ Thought Thought

 

INFINITIVE /i:/ SIMPLE PAST /e/ PAST PARTICIPLE /e/
19. Keep Kept Kept
20. Leave Left Left
21. Mean Meant Meant
22. Meet Met Met
23. Read Read Read
24. Sleep Slept Slept

 

INFINITIVE /ɪ/ SIMPLE PAST /æ/ PAST PARTICIPLE /ʌ/
25. Ring Rang Rung
26. Begin Began Begun
27. Drink Drank Drunk
28. Swim Swam Swum
29. Sing Sang Sung

Irregular Verbs

 

PRESENT PERFECT

Rules

Have/has (not) + Past participle

+ He has cleaned his shoes

— He hasn’t cleaned his shoes

? Has he cleaned his shoes?

Yes, he has

No, he hasn’t

Recent past actions (news)

I’ve bought a new pair of shoes. – Nunca, nunca, se acompaña de las expresiones de tipo yesterday, x days ago, last month/week/year, in 2014, si añadiéramos cualquiera de estas expresiones tendríamos que utilizar el Past Simple.

I’ve just (acabo de)/already (ya) phoned Peter

Has he paid you back yet (ya)?

No, he hasn’t paid me back yet (todavía) or Not yet (Yet: add the end the sentences).

Yet, Just, Already

Yet /jet/

Just /dʒʌst/

Already /ɔːl’redɪ/

He has cleaned his shoes

He has just cleaned his shoes (Acaba de limpiar sus zapatos)

Have you seen 8 apellidos catalanes?

Have you seen 8 apellidos catalanes? (¿Ya has visto 8 apellidos catalanes? – Previamente conocíamos que la persona a la que preguntamos tenía intención de ir a ver la película).

Yes, I’ve already seen it (Sí, ya la he visto)

Yes, I’ve just seen it (Sí, acabo de verla)

No, I haven’t seen it yet -or Not yet- (Todavía no la he visto)

HOMEWORKS

e6

e5

Key

key

 

SPEAKING

Student A

A Ask/say 1,3,5,7,9,11 and 13 for B to answer:

1.- Can I borrow your newspaper?

2.- No, thanks just (have) one.

3.- Did you buy any milk?

4.- Thanks just (wash) it.

5.- I like your shoes.

6.- No (no start) it yet.

7.- Don’t forget to buy the tickets.

8.- Just (have) some good news.

9.- Are you hungry?

10.- Sorry (not be) to the bank yet.

11.- Do you want an ice-cream?

12.- Yes already (do) it

13.- You look tiered.

14.- No thanks alredy (see) it.

Student B

Ask / say 2, 4,6,8,10,12 and 14 for A to answer.

1.- Sorry (not finish) it YET.

2.- Would you like a caffee?

3.- No (not be) to the supermarket YET.

4.- Your hair looks nice.

5.- Thanks JUST (buy) them.

6.- Have you finished your book?

7.- ALREADY (get) them.

8.- You look happy.

9.- No JUST (have) a sandwich.

10.- Can you lend me some money?

11.- No thanks ALREADY (have one).

12.- Have you booked the table?

13.- Yes JUST (get up).

14.- Would you like to see Dracula II?

Past experiences (in my life up to now). Ever/never

Have you ever been to the UK? (No se podría decir: Have you ever been to the UK in 2010?, o bien habría que prescindir de “in 2010”, o bien habría que formularlo en past simple: Did you go to the UK in 2010?).

I’ve been to the UK twice (No se podría decir: I’ve been to the UK last summer, habría que usar el past simple: I went to the UK last summer).

I’ve never been to the UK or I haven’t been

Para expresar has estado, siempre se usa “have been”, en lugar de “have gone”.

Go to Germany ≅ Go skiing → Present perfect: Have/has been

Have you ever been skiing? (¿Has esquiado alguna vez?)

Been to + a place (contry, city, etc.): I’ve been to the UK once

Have you ever tried sushi?

No, I haven’t or No, never

Yes, I have

Cuando ya pedimos concretar la respuesta, pasamos al past simple:

Where did you have it? – I tasted it in Paris

When did you have it? – I had it last summer

Who were you with? – I was with my partner

Did you like it? – Yes, I liked it

Speaking

In group:

Have you ever…? Have you…more than once?/How many times have you…?

  • try Indian food
  • go to Portugal
  • go horse-riding
  • win a competition
  • break an arm or leg

Evrerybody/Nobody in our group has…

Two people in the group have…

Only X has…

 

WRITING: An email

A friend of yours has sent you this email

Hi…,

How are you doing?

I’m writing to you because I’m afraid I have a bit of a problem.

As you know, I’ve had to spend quite a lot of money lately: I had my birth day party last month, I’ve recently bought a new plasma TV and last weekend Sue and I went skiing for the first time this winter. We had a great time!

Unfortunately, now I’m broke and I was wondering if you could lend me some money… please= About €200 would be great… I’ll pay you back as soon as I can, I promise!

I hope to hear from you soon.

Best wishes,

Bob

It’s not the first time you have lent Bob money and sometimes it has taken him a long time to pay you back. Write an email politely refusing to lend him the money. Give reasons for your decision. Try to use vocabulary from unit 2A.

Write about 150 words / 15 lines

COMPOSITION (una vez corregida)

Hi,

(1)About how I am doing: I’m taking stock of my economy. (2)You know (or you don’t know, I am not sure…) how much money I have left after paying the mortgage, after the electric company charges me the electricity bill, the same with heating, food, petrol, etc.

Once calculated I save something for unforeseen expenses: car repairs, dentist, to replace a broken down appliance,…

Finally, if I can afford it, I decide if I’ll go on holiday this year (and where and how long) or if I’ll stay home, until I can save more money.

You should do your own accounts to make ends meet. I could help you to keep your general accounts, I’ll charge less and, in return, you won’t have to borrow money from anybody. What do you say?

Best wishes.

Gema

Theacher’s notes:

(1) This is very unusual: you should start by greeting our friend

(2) Not clear: Is this a question? Aske me about it

Emails to friends are usually a little more informal and colloquial

MISTAKES

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1.- I’m afraid I can’t afford lending you the money.

2.- It’s impossible for me lend you money now.

3.- You should try saving some money every month.

4.- You should try don’t spend so much.

5.- I’m sorry. I don’t work now and I can’t lend you any money.

6.- I have the same TV since 2000.

7.- This month I spend a lot of money on my trip.

8.- It’s not the first time you have borrowed me money and…

9.- You shouldn’t spend your money in stupid things.

Key

1.- I’m afraid I can’t afford to lend you the money (I can (‘t) afford + to + verb)

2.- It’s impossible for me to lend you money now (impossible -adjectiv- + to + verb)

3.- You should try to save some money every month (After try: infinitiv.)

4.- You should try not to spend so much ≅ You shouldn’t spend so much (not to verb: forma de negar el infinitivo)

5.- I’m sorry. I’m not working now and I can’t lend you any money.

6.- I’ve had the same TV since 2000.

7.- This month I’ve spend a lot of money on my trip.

8.- It’s not the first time you have borrowed from me money and…

9.- You shouldn’t spend your money on stupid things (spend/waste on)

 

The millonaire with a secret – Answer key (Student’s book, page 17)

Exercise b

.- He became rich selling clothes.

.- His success is surprising because he couldn’t read or write.

.- He learnt how to read and write, and wrote his autobiography with the help of a ghost writer.

Exercise c

A. 8     C. 5     E. 7     G. 2     I. 6

B. 10    D.1     F.9     H.4     J. 11    K.3

Exercise f

2.- salesman

3.- broke

4.- went on sale

5.- set up a new business

 

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary and expresions

Money /mʌnɪ/

1 pound = 100 pence (plural irregular de penny = pence)

Sterling – 1 penny

1 dollar = 100 cents

1 euro = 100 cents

1/2: one half

2/3: two thirds

3/4: three quaters

6/7: six sevenths (forma ordinal)

132: one hundred and therty two

2132: two thousand one hundred and therty two

Light years: años luz

Kph = kilometers par hour

How much (money) is it? = How much does it cost?

Cash machine = ATM

Pay the bills / Pay samebody / Pay for something

I am broke: Estoy sin blanca

To win money (lotery, prize), si es ganar dinero trabajando: to earn money)

Greedy: avaricioso

To blow on sth: despilfarrar (dinero) en algo

Inherited: heredado/a

Saved: ahorrado (también: salvado, guardado)

To lend – Past: lent

To spend – Past: spent

To earn – Past: earned or earnt

Invest money in sth: Invertir dinero en algo

Spend/waste money on sth/doing sth

Spend/waste time on sth/doing sth

Get into debt: endeudarse (estar en proceso de endeudarse)

Be into debt: estar endeudado

Can (not) afford sth/to do sth

Won (past win), suena igual que “one”

A pass: bono (de bus)

A vending machine: máquina expendedora

To collect sth (E.g.: To collect money for charity)

To spill (a liquid): derramar (un líquido)

To do tth by yourself: hacer algo por sí mismo

Past Know: knew –  en UK /nju:/, en USA /nu:/

Brought, Caught, Bought,… la “gh” no se pronuncia

To argue (with sb)

What argue they about?

 

UNIT 2.B – CHANGING LIVES

VIDEO: Climate change (according to a kid)

Adelante África

 

SOUNDS

La grafía “or” puede corresponder al sonido /ɜː/, /ɔː/, /ə/

/ɜː/: en los casos de:

Worth, work, world, word (sonarían como girl)

/ɔː/: cuando va acentuada (stress) la sílaba que contine “or”

Order, afford, organized, mortgage, store

Si esa sílaba no es stress: /ə/. E.g.: sailor /’seɪlə/

BBC: Phonemic chart

 

FOR / SINCE (PRESENT PERFECT) (pag. 135 del libro)

Uses of present perfect:

1.- Recent events (news)

  • just/already/yet

2.- Past experiences

  • Have you ever…?
  • Never
  • Number of times

3.- How long…?

  • for/since

Jane has been a writer for 22 years

“Adelante África” has had a website for 4 years

Jane has been working for “Adelante África” since 2008 (Present perfect continuous)

1993→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→Now

She started working as a writer            She is a writer

How long has Jane been a writer?:

⇒Jane has been a writer for 22 years

⇒Jane has been a writer since 1993

EXERCISES

1.- Read the dialogues with Nancy and Roger. Compare both dialogues.

Nancy

— What’s your job, Nancy?

— I’m a journalist.

— Have you ever had a different job?

— Yes, I have. When I was at university, I worked as a waitress in a restaurant.

— Did you like working as a waitress?

— It was od. I enjoyed talking to the customers.

— How long did you work in the restaurant?

— I worked there for a year and a half.

Roger

— What do you do, Roger?

— I’m a waiter.

— Have you ever had a different job?

— No, never. I’ve always been a waiter.

— Do you like your job?

— Yes, I love it, although I work very long hours.

— How long have you worked in this restaurant?

— I’ve worked here for 10 years.

Underline the verbs in both dialogues. With a partner, discuss the use of the different tenses.

1.- What do Nancy and Roger have in common?

2.- How long did Nancy work as a waitress?

3.- How long has Roger worked as a waiter?

Key

1.- Nancy was a waitress and Roger is a waiter

2.- She worked as a waitress for a year and a half

3.- He has worked as a waiter for 10 years

2.- Compare these two answers:

How long have you been a teacher, Julian?

— I’ve been a teacher for 10 years.

— I’ve been a teacher since 2005

We use for witha a period of time (two days, three hours, several weeks,…)

We use since with a point in time (2010, last Christmas, 12th September,…)

since yesterday = for 24 hours

since the 16th century = for 5 centuries

since last Thursday = for 1 week (today is Thursday)

since last Monday = fo three days

since 2010 = for five years

since I was born = all my life (no se precede de for en las expresiones all day, all my life, all week, …)

since my birthday = for 11 months

since 19.00 o’clock = for 2 hours

since last July = for about 6 months

for a very long time = for ages

3.- Write complete sentences answering these questions: What haven’t you done…

..since last weekend? I haven’t done my English homework

…since Christmas? I haven’t eaten any “turrones”

…since you had lunch today? I haven’t been relaxed

4.- Nancy is a journalist and she wants to get a new job. Read the first part of the job interview and complete the sentences with do, did or have.

— Who (1)_________________________you work for now, Nancy?

— I work for Intertec Publishing. We publish international business magazines.

— I see. And how long (2)______________________________ou worked for them?

— I’ (3)____________________ worked there for nearly five years. No, exactly five years.

— And how long (4)____________________________________you been in charge of Eastern Europe publications?

— For two years.

— And what (5)_________________________you do before you were at Intertec?

— I worked for the BBC World Service.

Key

1.- do

2.- have

3.- ‘ve

4.- have

5.- did

5.- Read and complete the second part of th interview using the words in brackets.

— As you know, this job is based in Geneva.(1)___________________________________________(you/ever/live) abroad?

— Oh yes. Yes I(2)_____________.

— And when(3)____________________________(you/live) abroad?

— Well, in fact, I(4)_________________________(be) born in Argentina and I(5)_____________________________________(live) there until I was eleven. Also, I lived in Berlin for one year, when I(6)_____________________________(work) for the BBC.

— That’s interesting. (7)___________________________________________(you/travel) a lot?

— Oh yes, yes, absolutely. I(8)_______________________(travel) to most countries in South America and many countries in Europe. I(9) ________________________(also/be) to Japan a few times.

— Oh yes? And why(10)________________________(you/go) to Japan?

— It was for Intetec. I(11)________________________(go) there to interview some Japanese business leaders.

Key

1.- have you ever lived

2.- have

3.- did you live

4.- was born

5.- lived

6.- worked or was working (la expresión en la frase de “until I was eleven” descarta el uso de “I use to live”)

7.- have you travelled

8.- ‘ve travelled

9.- ‘ve also been

10.- did you go

11.- went

6.- Here are some more events from Nancy’s life. Match a line in “A” with a time expression in “B” to tell her life story:

A B
1. She was born…

2.- She went to school in Buenos Aires…

3.- She studied modern languages and journalism…

4.- She’s worked for Intertec…

5.- She left the BBC…

6.- She lived in Berlin…

7.- She’s been married…

8.- She’s visited Japan…

a) for the last five years.

b) five years ago.

c) until she was eleven.

d) while she was working for the BBC.

e) twice.

f) for three years at University College, London.

g) in Argentina in 1969.

h) a few times

Key

1.- g)

2.- c)

3.- f)

4.- a)

5.- b)

6.- d)

7.- e)

8.- h)

Make a similar chart for your own life. Ask your partner to match the events and the times to tell the story of your life.

I went to school in Graus until I was tennager

I met my best friend when I came to live in Huesca

I’ve had a dog for the last eleven years

I visited France last summer

I’ve working as a Web Designer for few times

I worked as a Secretary from 1996 to 2013

 

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Jane has been working for Adelante Áfica since 2008

Has/have (not) + been + ing form

Action verbs⇒Present Perfect continuous

State verbs (P.e.: tener algo, ser, no es una acción)⇒ Present Perfect simple

Por tanto el uso del Present Perfect Continuous no es compatible con verbos como (common non-adtion verbs):

agree, be, believe, belong, depend, forget, hate, hear, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, prefer, realize, recognize, remember, seem, suppose,… (los mismos que tampoco se usan con el Present Simple Continuous).

 

STRONG ADJECTIVES (pag. 21 del libro)

Se suelen pronunciar con más lentitud para enfatizar.

En la página 113 del libro vimos los “modifies”, con los “strong adjectives”, sólo se suelen emplear “absolutely” y “realy” (“quite”: depende, con algunos sí se usa, con otros no).

It was absolutely/realy freezing/boiling (stress in the modify and adjective).

Good ≅ fantastic, superb, awesome (USA), amazing, marvellous, great, excellent, wonderful, delicious (only food)

Bad ≅ terrible, awful, horrible, disgusting (asqueroso)

 

WRITING: A biography

Write about the life of someone who is still alive.

Paragraph 1 (introduction). Explain who this peron is (giving some personal details like where and when they were born, occupation, etc.) and their significance to your or to the world.

Paragraph 2 (early years). Describe this person’s childhood and teenage years: family background, where they lived, school, what they were like as children, what skills changed, etc.

Paragraph 3 (middle age & career). Describe how their career started and developed, why they became famous or significant to you, how and why their life, character or skills changed, etc.

Paragraph 4 (their life now). Describe what their life is like now: where they live, what they do, etc. and their plans for the future.

Remember to use Present Perfect to talk about past experiences they have had in their life or activites they started in the past and continue doing in the present.

Write 20-25 lines.

COMPOSITION (una vez corregida)

Eduardo Mendoza is a Spanish writer who was born in Barcelona in 1943. Today, January 11, is his birthday, he turns 73. I’ve chosen to make this biography about Eduardo Mendoza because he’s my favourite writer and one of the most recognized in Spanish languague.

His father was a public prosecutor and his mother a homewife. He studied in Barcelona until 1965, the year when he graduated with a degree in law. Then, he travelled throught Europe and the following year, he obtaints a scholarship to study sociology in London. When he came back, he practised law in Barcelona until 1973, when he went to live and work in New York as a translator for the U.N.

In 1975, he published his first novel “La verdad sobre el caso Savolta” which is a mixture of different literary genres. This work brought him fame, and since then he’s never stopped writing. He has won several literary prizes, including the Prize for the best book of the French journal “Lire” for “La ciudad de los prodigios”, the Planeta Prize for “Riña de gatos” and the Franz Kafka Prize for all his work. My favourite book by him is “La isla inaudita”. I have read it again and again. This book tells the story of a Catalan bussinessman who leaves everything to go on a temporary journey to Venice, which became indefinite.

Now, he lives with his wife in Batea (Tarragona). He has just published his latest book: “El secreto de la modelo extraviada”, which is the fifth novel of the book series “The anonymous detective”. In a recent interview I read he will keep on writing while he is in good health, although he is old and the young people should take the floor.

MISTAKES

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1.- She lives in the same village all her life.

2.- He has worked with other musicians as Alejandro Sanz, Rosario…

3.- Then he wrote his first novel which it tells the story of a man…

4.- He is the only that he plays with both hands.

5.- During the war people was hungry because…

6.- Actually, he is planning to give several concerts in the US.

7.- He wants to finish his career this year and look for a job.

8.- He is studying a degree in law.

Key

1.- She has lived in the same village all her life.

2.- He has worked with other musicians like (or such as) Alejandro Sanz, Rosario…

3.- Then he wrote his first novel which tells the story of a man… (which ya hace de sujeto)

4.- He is the only one that (or who) plays with both hands (pasa lo mismo que en la frase 3).

5.- During the war people were hungry because…

6.- Now/ At the moment/ Currently/ Nowadays/ At present/ These days (Actually es un falso amigo, significa: en realidad, de hecho), he is planning to give several concerts in the US.

7.- He wants to finish his degree (or his studies) this year and look for a job (career, es carrera profesional).

8.- He is doing/taking a degree in law.

 

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary and expresions

I haven’t got a clue = I’ve no idea

I have a rough idea = I’ve approximate idea

To pay in small instalments = To pay little by little

End up in a place/situation

End up doing sth

A volunteer worker

An NGO = a charity

A headteacher = a headmaster

A lorry (UK) = a track (USA)

To break down: estropearse, romperse

Mud: barro

To be stuck: estar atascado

Altogether: en total

To go wrong: Ir mal

To manage to do sth: lograr, conseguir

To give sth up: rendirse

Boiling = very hot

A target = objective

To ache /eɪk/

I can (not) make it: (no) lo conseguiré

For longer than 20 years: desde hace más de 20 años

Challenge: reto, desafío

A kayak: piragua

To kayak: hacer piragüismo

A paddle: remo

To paddle: remar

Did she make it?: lo consiguió?

Drive sb mad/crazy: volverse loco

Vulture: buitre

Exhausted = very tired

It was absolutely boilyng (very hot)

Be afraid/terrified of sth

Delight: encanto

Surprised = amazed (+) = shocked (-)

 

MORE EXERCISES

Soluciones Grammar Bank 2.A y 2.B

Soluciones a Revise and Check 1 & 2

En general, más ejercicios (y soluciones) en http://ingleseoi.es/b1/#units (seleccionando English File, y clickando en el tema correspondiente).