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UNIT 1.A – MOOD FOOD

LISTENING

New York City is a bustling metropolis (“full of people moving about in a busy way”) but now one restaurant (Eat in Brooklyn) is offering its customers the chance to escape the chaos.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-24619669

1.- What are people looking for when they eat out?. Watch the video and tick the items in the list that are mentioned:

a) healthy food

b) good prices

c) friendly service

d) a good atmosphere

e) free parking

f) the oportunity to chat with your friends/relatives

2.- How is Eat in Brooklyn different from other restaurants?

3.- When did the chef think of it?

4.- Why is it a good idea in this opinion?

5.- Did the customers enjoy the experience? Why / why not?

.- Speaker 1 (woman)

.- Speaker 2 (man)

Key

1.- d) & f)

2.- Everybody keep silence.

3.- When he was in a Budist Monastery in India.

4.- You can taste better the food.

5.- Women: It’s more relaxing.

Man: He prefer talking with his partners.

 

SOUNDS

English sounds

Number of vowels: 12

Number of diphthongs: 8

Number of consonants: 24

A una misma letra o grupo de letras le puede corresponder un sonido (o fonema) distinto:

Child /tʃ/

Chemistry /k/

Y distintas letras o grupos de letras pueden tener iguales sonidos:

Short /ʃ/

Sugar /ʃ/

Emotion /ʃ/

Algunas letras no suenan: would, could, walk, talk: en todas estas palabras la “l” no suena.

En vocales las hay short y long:

Ship /ɪ/: es una “i” más cerca de la “e” que la española

Sheep /i:/: se pronuncia alargando la “i”

Vowels

A.- Odd one out. In each group of words circle the one with a different vowel sound:

1.- man   bank   have   thanks   black   cat   bad   bag   small   sandwich   stamp

2.- friend   bed   get   pen   men   red   telephone   ten   chair   egg   tennis

3.- big   baby   film   cinema   sister   women   orange   village   thirty   minute   live

4.- shop   coffee   clock   wallet   what   watch   dog   hot   brother   doctor   job

5.- book   football   woman   good   would   cook   husband   food   could

6.- mother   actor   colour   sister   after   centre   picture   Saturday   married

7.- mother   son   Monday   money   young   pub   country   colour   cup   golf

B.- Now compare them with the groups of words below:

8.- father   car   garden   aunt   are   card   fast   hard   guitar   class

9.- girl   learn   thirty   nurse   work   Thursday   journalist   word   surname

10.- see   cheese   read   leave   these   people   niece   cheap   meet   evening

11.- morning   walk   autumn   small   daughter   talk   law   north   door

12.- too   fruit   room   blue   true   boot   tissues   noon   school   who

Key

A. Short

1.- Todas las palabra contienen el sonido /æ/ menos “small” /smɔːl/

2.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /e/ (bastante parecida a la “e” española) menos “chair” /tʃeə/

3.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /ɪ/ menos “thirty” /’θɜːti/

4.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /ɒ/ menos “brother” /’brʌðə/

5.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /ʊ/ (no tan cerrada como la “u” española, entre “u” y “o”) menos “husband” /’hʌzbənd/

6.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /ə/ (la vocal muda) menos “married” /’mærid/

7.- Todas las palabras contienen el sonido /ʌ/ (la vocal más parecida a la “a” española) menos “golf” /gɒlf/

B. Long

8.- Todas llevan la /a:/

9.- Todas llevan la /ɜː/

10.- Todas llevan la /i:/

11.- Todas llevan la /ɔː/

12.- Todas llevan la /u:/

 

READING

My favourite restaurant

An online magazine as asked its readers to send a short review of a restaurant it like. Write a review organising the content in 3 paragraphs:

Paragraph 1 (introduction): Explain what restaurant you have chosen, where it is, when or how often you go there and why you like it (in a few words).

Paragraph 2 (main paragraph): Describe the restaurant giving details: the kind of food you can eat there, the best dishes, the atm) or when to go there (e.g.: for a quiet romantic dinner, to celebrate someone’s birthday, etc.)

Paragraph 3 (end): Explain why would you recommend this restaurant.

Write: 20-25 lines.

COMPOSITION (una vez corregida)

My “Blog food”´s friends asked me to write a post about my favourite restaurant. I’ll recommend “Restaurant Apolo” in Huesca, because we go there frequently with my familiy on Sudays to taste seasonal food.

Seaonal food is, in fact, its speciality: dishes of mushrooms in the autumn, game in the winter, fish and seafood in the spring and vegetables in the summer. Their rices are delicious too (with cod, vegetables, meat of “matacía”). They serve traditional homemade Spanish food. You can choose a salad to start (with tomatoes or with peppers with tuna), a dish of meat, fish or rice for main course and homemade ice-cream for dessert. The dining room is very small, so it isn’t fit many people but it’s better to speak while we eat and it offers, in return, a good service. Its prices are not bad, there is a Set Menu or you can choose some dishes from the standart menu. At lunch it’s cheaper than at dinner (this is the worst!).

Restaurant Apolo is perfect for people who look for homemade food, they will love it varied menu and it’s ideal for couples and adults.

MISTAKES

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences:

1.- I think is one of the best restaurants that I know.

2.- I really like eat our with my family or friends.

3.- I would like going there more often but…

4.- It serves an incredible Italian food.

5.- It’s very warm and relaxing place.

6.- The waiters will say you everything you want know.

7.- I like also this restaurant because it is charming

8.- The restaurant is near to the cinema.

9.- It is a quite restaurant with relaxing music.

10.- If you like Italian food, you love this restaurant.

Key

1.- I think it is one of the best restaurants that I know.

2.- I really like eating out with my family or friends.

3.- I would like to go there more often but… (would like + infinitive / like (in present) + -ing).

4.- It serves incredible Italian food.

5.- It’s a very warm and relaxing place.

6.- The waiters will tell you everything you want to know. (cuando nombramos a la persona/s: to tell, cuando alguien dijo algo, pero no “sale” a quién se lo dijo: to say: He said very good).

7.- Also, I like this restaurant because it is charming.

8.- The restaurant is near the cinema.

9.- It is a quiet restaurant with relaxing music.

10.- If you like Italian food, you’ll love this restaurant.

 

LISTENING: MOOD FOOD

You are going to watch a video giving advice on healthy food. Listen carefully and complete the sentences below.

https://youtu.be/MIqUtPfFhno

1.- Eat_________________________________________

2.- It’s iportant to eat the right kind of___________

3.- Eat more _____________________

4.- Drink more.

Good drinks: water,______________________________, or diluted fruit juice.

Unhealthy drinks: tea, coffee,______________ and sugary drinks.

5.- Eat a lot of__________________ and______________________

6.- ______________________ caffeine.

Caffeine is in things like coffee, ___________, chocolate,_____________ and energy drinks.

7.- Pay attention to your_______________

This will help you to keep your_________________ healthy.

8.- Food intolerances can affect both your mental and physical________________

9.- Any changes you make will probably take you________________ to get used to it.

Key

1.- well regulary

2.- foods

3.- proteins

4.a.- herbal or green tea

4.b.- alcohol

5.a.- vegetables

5.b.- fruits

6.a- Cut down

6.b.- tea

6.c.- cola drink

7.a.- gut (intestino)

7.b.- brain

8.- health

9.- time

 

GRAMMAR:

Page 132 English File 3th Ed Intermediate

Present simple and continuous, action and non-action verbs

Key Grammar Bank

 

SPEAKING

1.- Do you think you have a healthy, balanced diet? Why/Why not?

2.- Is there anything you should change about your eating habits?

Tell your partner, giving details:

-. I think I should eat more oily fish. I only eat fish once or twice a week because I don’t like it very much.

-. I think I should cut down on caffeine because I have 3 or 4 coffees a day and sometimes a cola drink.

-. I have to stop having junk food, like ready-made hamburgers or sugary drinks.

-. I should eat more protein for breakfast. Ussualy I only drink a glass of milk.

 

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary and expresions

Herbal tea: infusión (en general cualquier infusión que no sea té)

Carbohydrates /,ka:bəʊ’haɪdreɪts/ = carbs (informal)

Proteins /’prəʊti:ns/

Fats /fæts/

An over: horno

To bake (bread, cakes, fish)

To roast (meat)

To fry: freir

Potatoes: tanto “bread” como “roast” (= asadas con grasa)

To boil: cocer o hervir

A hard-boiled egg: huevo duro

To steam: hacer al vapor

To grill

Look: mirar

Phrasal verbs: Look for: buscar

Look after: cuidar

To cut down on = to have less (recortar)

To cut out = to eliminate (suprimir)

To be in a good/bad mood

According to the article…

A boul of cereal

Paté: embutidos

Low-fat cheese: queso bajo en grasas

Nightclub owner: los propietarios del nightclub

A person’s diet: la dieta de las personas

Be/go on a diet: estar a régimen

Stressful: estresante referido a “activities/job/lifestyle”

Stressed (out): estresado/a, referido a cómo me siento (I’m stressed out)

Awake: despierto, espabilado (viene de to wake up)

Sleepy: somnoliento

Oily fish: pescado azul

Health (noum) – healthy (adjectiv) – healthily (adverb)

To eat healthily (adverbio, porque califica al verbo, no se dice to eat health)

I eat healthy food (adjetivo, porque califica al sustantivo)

An open sandwich: tostas (≠ toast: tostada)

The restaurant offers good/excellent value (for money): El restaurante ofrece muy buena calidad/precio

Raw /rɔː/: crudo

Spicy (adj.): especiado

Spices (noum): especias

Hot: picante

A tin: lata (de conserva)

Cans of coke ( no Tins of coke): latas de cocacola

Tinned: enlatado

Ready-made food: comida preparada

To heat sth (up): calentar

A microwave (oven); microhondas

To order takeaway food: pedir comida para llevar

To have takeaway food: comer comida para llevar

I have a chinese/pizza takeaway (se añade artículo indefinido “a” porque aquí takeaway es sustantivo)

During the week: Monday to Friday

Canteen: comedor escolar

eat /i:t/

ate (UK:) /et/ (USA:) /eit/

eaten /’i:tn/

drink /drɪŋk/

drank /dræŋk/

drunk /drʌŋk/

Have a meal – Have a drink

Have something to eat/drink

Have breakfast / lunch / tea (Have tea= merienda) /dinner or supper

I like/love cucumbers (para contables uso plural) / pork (para incontables uso singular)

Menu (carta):

A starter

The main course

A dessert /dɪ’zɜːt/ (acentuando la 2º sílaba) ≠ desert /’dezət/ (desierto, con acento en la1ª sílaba)

Sweet things: cosas dulces (dulces, en general)

Be in a good/bad mood: estar de buen/mal humor

Cured ham = prosciutto

Sausages: salchicas

Meat balls: albóndigas (literalmente, bolas de carne)

Spinach: espinacas

Tangerines: tallarines

Couliflower

Broccoli

Junk mail: comida basura

Annoying: molesto

A recipe: receta

He is a cook. He is a chef

Smails: caracoles

Casserole (guiso en el horno) ≅stew (guiso en fogón)

To run a bussiness: llevar un negocio – To run a restaurant: llevar un restaurante

To work long hours: trabajar muchas horas

A public holiday: un festivo

Tough /tʌf/: duro

A rare / a medium / a well done     steak

How would you like the/your steak?

 

UNIT 1.B: FAMILY LIFE

GRAMMAR: FUTURE FORMS

Page 133 English File 3th Ed Intermediate

Key Grammar Bank

WILL

  1. FUTURE FACTS The election willve on 1st March
  2. PREDICTIONS I think Barcelona will win

GOING TO

3. PLANS AND INTENTIONS

 I’m going to buy a new car

My sister is going to adopt a child

4. PREDICTIONS (with present evidence)

Barcelona are going to win. They are playing really well

Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

5. ARRANGEMENTS Lorna and Jamie are getting married in October


WILL/SHALL

instant decisions / promises / offers / predictions / future facts / suggestions

Categorize the sentences below:

  1. I won’t tell anyone where you are
  2. You’ll love New York
  3. (ordering in a restaurant) I’ll have the steak, please
  4. Shall I help you with your homework?
  5. I’ll carry that bag for you
  6. Shall we eat out tonight?
  7. The championship will start next week

Key

1.- Promises

2.- Predictions

3.- Instant decisions

4.- Offers

5.- Offers

6.- Suggestions

7.- Future facts

Sounds: won’t /wəʊnt/ ≠ want /wɒnt/

Shall I…? → to offers

Shall we…? to suggestion (aunque también puede ser un ofrecimiento conjunto). E.g.:

What shall we do this weekend?: ¿Qué podríamos hacer este fin de semana? (estoy pidiendo sugerencias)

Tasks Present continuos & Be going to (http://www.tlu.ee/~kivihall/A2.1%20English%20(29.02.12).pdf)

Key tasks

26.1)

2.- Richard is going to the cinema.

3.- Barbara is meeting Dave.

4.- Denise is having lunch with Ken.

5.- Tom and Sue are going to a party.

26.2)

2.- Are you working next week?

3.- What are you doing tomorrow evening?

4.- What time are your friends arriving?

5.- When is Liz going on holiday?

27.1)

2.- I’m going to buy a newspaper.

3.- We’re going to play football.

4.- I’m going to have a bath.

27.2)

3 ‘m/am going to walk

4 ‘s/is going to say

5.- ‘m/am going to eat

6.- ‘re/are going to give

7.- ‘s/is going to lie down

8.- Are you going to watch

9 is Rachel going to do

27.3)

2.- The shelf is going to fall (down).

3.- The car is going to turn (left).

4.- He’s/He is going to kick the ball.

 

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE AND PERSONALITY

Physical appearance

What does her/she look like? (Sólo preguntamos por el aspecto físico)

She is tall/slim/medium-height

He has brown hair/eyes

She is (about) 40

He is in his early/mid/late forties

Do you look like your brother?:

Yes I look like my brother

Yes, I look a lot/ a little like him

I look more like my sister that my brother

Personality

What is he/she like? (es para preguntar por la personalidad, pero también sirve para abarcar la apariencia física)

She is friendly, responsible,…

He is really/very/quite/a bit/little friendly

Grado de más a menos: really, very, quite, a bit/a little (como en español, “es un poco espabilado”, da una connotación negativa).

She enjoys/likes/loves/doesn’t mind (no le importa)/hates/can’t stand (no soporta) +verb+ing

 

COMPOSITION (page 113, task e)

Describing a person (my composition – una vez corregida-)

Dear Angela:

Yo ask me about Ines in your last email. She was my classmate at university when we studied Web Design twenty years ago. Now, she’s 43, she lives in Ainsa with your husband, where they both work for Record-is-Web, a Web Design Study with a great portfolio. If you want a good website you can hire she.

Ines is meticulous, brillian and competitive. She has a lot of imagination and she shows it in all her jobs. She’s patient with her customers, she listens to them and she knows how to do what they ask her.

She has worked extensively with associations in her adopted village, because she loves fostering culture. So, she’s very involved with her neighbors, she helps in book clubs, crafts workshops and computer courses. She’s never bored!

The only problem with Ines is her perfectionism which makes her miss her deadlines, so it you are in a hurry to publish your website, the best is to hire another company, if not, it’s well worth waiting for.

I hope this helps! Let me know if you need anything else.

Best regards!

Mistakes

Correct the mistakes in the following sentences

1.- I’m sure your children love him.

2.- I knew her since I was born.

3.- I know him from ten years.

4.- She’s really interesting in learn English.

5.- She loves read, go to the cinema,…

6.- I think I should say you that she is a bit ambitious…

7.- At the moment she doesn’t have a work.

8.- I think she’ll love to work as au pair.

9.- She likes playing tennis and too badminton.

Key

1.- I’m sure your children will love him.

2.- I have known her since I was born.

3.- I have known him for ten years (≅ I met him 10 years ago).

4.- She’s really interested in learning English.

5.- She loves reading, going to the cinema,…

6.- I think I should tell you that she is a bit ambitious… (tell sb, expresión preferida a say to sb)

7.- At the moment she doesn’t have a job (a -sin artículo indefinido- work también puede ser un sustantivo, pero es incontable).

8.- I think she’ll love working/to work as an au pair.

9.- She likes playing tennis and baminton too (too va al final de la frase).

 

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary and expresions

Get-together = informal meeting

A relative

A generation

Siblings: hermanos

To share sth (with sb): mostrar algo (a alguien)

To get on (well) with sb: llevarse bien con alguien

To argue with sb (about sth) = to have an argument with sb (about sth)

Advantage  – Disadvantage (se acentúa las dos en “van”)

-ag /ɪdʒ/

Advantages – Disadvantages al final, al sonido /ɪdʒ/ se le añade + /ɪz/

Male & female → for people and animals

I have a female (adj.) teacher

My dog is a male (noum.)

My father’s wife: la mujer de mi padre

Step: paso, peldaño

Do a study ≅do a survey (encuesta)

On average: en la media

Any more: nunca más

To charge rent: cobrar renta

Leave home: dejar (su) casa

Can (not) afford sth/to do sth

Should + verb (Should do, nunca should to do o should doing)

To annoy sb: molestar

If you don’t have any siblings (No If you haven’t any siblings)

Like one of a group: como uno del grupo

A rival – rivalry (“i” suena /aɪ/)

Child /aɪ/

Children /ɪ/

Childhood /aɪ/

To fight /faɪt/: luchar, pelear.   Past → fought /fɔːt/

We don’t understand each other: Nos nos entendemos entre nosotros (el uno al otro)

How do you call a person who…?: ¿Cómo se llama una persona qué…?, ¿Cómo se le dice a quién…?

Self-confident = confident (seguro de sí mismo)

Sociable = outgoing = extroverted

Clever = intelligent = smart

Ambitious ≠ Unambitious

Friendly ≠ Unfriendly

Honest ≠ Dishonest

Imaginative ≠ Unimaginative

Kind ≠ Unkind

Mature ≠ Inmature

Organized ≠ Disorganized

Patient ≠ Impatient

Reliabel ≠ Unreliable

Responsible ≠ Irresponsible

Selfish ≠ Unselfish

Sensitive ≠ Insensitive

Sociable ≠  Unsociable

Tidy ≠ Untidy

Insecure  “-cure” /kjʊə/, pero también podemos pronunciarlo /kjɔː/

Inmatura “-tura” /tʃʊə/, pero también podemos pronunciarlo /tʃɔː/

I am a middle child –  I am a only child

The (no se pone artículo ) Middle children tend to be/can be/ are often relaxed

On the one hand…. and on the other hand….

On the positive/negative side….

According to…

Jealous “-ous” /əs/

-tious & – cious =/ʃəs/

What are the characteristics you most dislike in a person?:

I hate people ≅ I can’t stand people who are…

What kind of person would you choose to be your boss?: ¿Qué tipo de persona elegirías que fuera tu jefe?:

I’d like my boss to be… : Me gustaría que mi jefe fuera…

To bring up a child: criar un niño = to educate


 

Más fichas, ejercicios y tests del libro en 1º de Intermedio Inglés EOI